And warn thy nearest kinsfolk. Ali did not accept the caliphate of Abu Bakr and refused to pledge allegiance to him. The Concept of the Imamate In the Shiite view, the twelve Imams inherited their positions as the exclusive leaders of the Muslims through the authority of the Prophet Muhammad and divine ordination.
Fatimah did not at all pledge allegiance or acknowledge or accept the caliphate of Abu Bakr. Shia view of Ali and Succession to Muhammad Shia Muslims believe that just as a prophet is appointed by God alone, Islam and shi ite branches God has the prerogative to appoint the successor to his prophet.
Sunnis believe that Ali and his two sons, Hassan and Hussain, were highly respected by the first three Caliphs and the companions of Muhammad.
In contrast, the monarchs of oil-rich Sunni Muslim countries have made a greater effort to keep their policies in line with religious sensitivities. Who Is a Shiite? Social justice is also believed to be a fundamental right. However, the determination of consensus is related to the views of the Imams, and more freedom is given to analogy than in Sunni Islam Nasr Who among you will support me in carrying out this momentous duty?
The Qadiri order is one of the oldest Sufi Orders. The supporters of Ali were called Shiites. There is no justification in Islamic scriptures and jurisprudence for indiscriminate killings or assassinations of local or foreign citizens by either Sunni or Shiite Muslims.
The predominant trend in Shiism is that described as "Twelver Shiism,"4 which is centered in Iran and is the principal form of Shiism in Iraq, Lebanon, and Bahrain.
It will also outline some of the reasons for the recent strength of Islamic political movements. Mohammad to the Islam religion. The Noorbakshia order,  also called Nurbakshia,   claims to trace its direct spiritual lineage and chain silsilah to the Islamic prophet Muhammadthrough Aliby way of Ali Al-Ridha.
These tactics have caused a major debate in the Islamic world. Radical Sunni Muslim movements in countries such as Egypt and Algeria have also engaged in violence against government and western targets.
I am the servant of God and the brother of the Messenger of God. With the exception of post-revolutionary Iran, the Shiite clergy has been more independent of the government than religious officials have been in Sunni Muslim countries.Month of Muharran, the martyrdom of Husayn is reenacted by Shi'ite Muslims Shi'ites distrust the traditional Sunni reading and interpretation of the Qur'an.
(It is thought that b/c the current version does not mention Ali as Muhammad's successor, it must have been tampered with by his enemies. The schism led to the creation of two major branches of Islam, the Sunnis and the Shiites.
The supporters of Ali were called Shiites. Distinguished authorities on the Arabic language define the word "Shiite" as meaning a group of people that develops consensus on an issue.
In Islam, there are two main sects: Sunni and Shi'a. Sunni Islam is the largest sect, although in some countries it is a minority. Sunnis have their historical roots in the majority group who followed Abu Bakr, an effective leader, as the successor of Muhammad, instead of his cousin and son-in-law Ali.
Shīʿite: Shiite, member of the smaller of the two major branches of Islam, distinguished from the majority Sunnis. Shia Islam (شيعة Shia, sometimes Shi'a; adjective "Shia"/Shi'ite) is the second-largest denomination of Islam, comprising 10–13% of the total Muslim population in the world.
Shia Muslims, though a minority in the Muslim world, constitute the majority of the Muslim populations in  Iran, Iraq, Bahrain and Azerbaijan as well as a.
Feb 12, · The division between Islam's Shiite minority and the Sunni majority is deepening across the Middle East. The split occurred soon after the death of .Download